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World History Express Workbook Answer 2a: A Comprehensive Guide for Students


World History Express Workbook Answer 2a: A Comprehensive Guide for Students




Are you looking for a way to learn world history faster and easier? Do you want to ace your exams and impress your teachers? If so, you need the World History Express Workbook Answer 2a. This workbook is a valuable resource that covers all the topics in the World History Express curriculum, from ancient civilizations to modern global issues. It provides you with clear explanations, vivid illustrations, engaging activities, and helpful tips to master world history.




World History Express Workbook Answer 2a


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What is World History Express?




World History Express is a series of textbooks and workbooks that are designed for junior secondary students in Hong Kong. It follows the latest curriculum guidelines and learning outcomes of the Education Bureau. It aims to help students develop historical knowledge, skills, values, and attitudes through a variety of learning materials and methods. It also fosters students' global awareness, critical thinking, and lifelong learning.


What is World History Express Workbook Answer 2a?




World History Express Workbook Answer 2a is a companion book to the World History Express Workbook 2a. It contains the answers to all the exercises and questions in the workbook. It also provides additional information, explanations, examples, and references to help students understand the concepts and facts better. It is divided into five topics:


  • Topic 1: The Rise of Islam



  • Topic 2: The Mongol Empire



  • Topic 3: The Renaissance



  • Topic 4: The Age of Exploration



  • Topic 5: The Ottoman Empire



Each topic consists of four sections:


  • Section A: Basic Concepts and Facts



  • Section B: Historical Sources and Skills



  • Section C: Extended Reading and Thinking



  • Section D: Revision and Assessment



In each section, you will find:


  • The answers to the multiple-choice questions, fill-in-the-blanks, matching, true or false, short-answer questions, and essay questions in the workbook.



  • The explanations for the correct and incorrect answers, as well as the key points and tips for answering different types of questions.



  • The additional information, examples, illustrations, maps, charts, tables, timelines, and sources that supplement the content in the workbook.



  • The references to the relevant pages in the World History Express textbook and other online resources for further reading and learning.



Topic 2: The Mongol Empire




The Mongol Empire was a huge but short-lived empire that at its peak stretched from the Pacific Ocean to central Europe. It was founded by Genghis Khan, a Mongol ruler who united the nomadic tribes of the Asian steppe and created a devastatingly effective army with fast, light, and highly coordinated cavalry. He launched a series of campaigns that conquered lands from China to Russia, creating the largest contiguous land empire in history.


Genghis Khan died in 1227, leaving his empire to his sons and grandsons, who continued to expand it through wars and diplomacy. The empire was divided into four khanates, each ruled by a descendant of Genghis Khan: the Great Khanate (also known as the Yuan dynasty) in China and Mongolia; the Chagatai Khanate in Central Asia; the Ilkhanate in Persia and the Middle East; and the Golden Horde in Russia and Eastern Europe. These khanates maintained a loose alliance and recognized the supremacy of the Great Khan, but they also developed their own cultures, religions, and policies.


The Mongol Empire had a profound impact on world history. It facilitated trade, communication, and cultural exchange across Eurasia, creating a Pax Mongolica that lasted for more than a century. It also spread new technologies, such as gunpowder, paper money, printing, and compasses. It fostered religious tolerance and diversity, as the Mongols practiced shamanism but also adopted Buddhism, Islam, Christianity, and other faiths. It also stimulated political and social changes in the regions it conquered or influenced, such as China, Russia, India, Iran, and Europe.


However, the Mongol Empire also caused immense destruction and suffering. It killed millions of people through warfare, massacres, famine, and disease. It destroyed many cities, civilizations, and cultures, such as the Khwarezmian Empire , the Western Xia dynasty , and Baghdad . It also contributed to environmental degradation , such as deforestation , soil erosion , and climate change . It also faced resistance and rebellion from some of its subjects , such as the Mamluks , the Song dynasty , and the Japanese .


The Mongol Empire began to decline in the late 13th and early 14th centuries due to various factors. These included internal conflicts among the khanates , succession disputes , civil wars , rebellions , corruption , economic problems , natural disasters , epidemics , and invasions by other powers . By the end of the 14th century , most of the khanates had collapsed or been absorbed by other states , such as the Ming dynasty , the Timurid Empire , and the Ottoman Empire . The last remnant of the Mongol Empire was the Northern Yuan dynasty in Mongolia , which lasted until 1635.


Topic 4: The Age of Exploration




The Age of Exploration was a period from the early 15th century to the early 17th century, during which European ships traveled around the world to search for new trading routes and partners to feed burgeoning capitalism in Europe. The Age of Exploration also marked the beginning of European colonization of other continents, as well as the contact and exchange between different cultures, peoples, and environments.


The main motives for the Age of Exploration were economic, religious, and political. European merchants and rulers wanted to find new sources of wealth, such as spices, gold, silver, and silk, that were in high demand in Europe. They also wanted to bypass the intermediaries, such as the Ottoman Empire and the Italian city-states, that controlled the trade routes between Europe and Asia. European missionaries and crusaders wanted to spread Christianity to new lands and peoples, as well as to challenge the Muslim powers that dominated the Mediterranean and the Middle East. European monarchs and nobles wanted to expand their territories, prestige, and influence by establishing colonies and empires overseas.


The main factors that enabled the Age of Exploration were technological, scientific, and cultural. European shipbuilders improved the design and construction of ships, making them faster, stronger, and more maneuverable. They also developed new types of sails, such as the lateen sail and the caravel , that allowed ships to sail against the wind and navigate in different directions. European navigators improved their instruments and methods of navigation , such as the compass , the astrolabe , the quadrant , the cross-staff , and the sextant , that allowed them to determine their position and direction at sea. European cartographers improved their maps and charts , such as the portolan chart and the nautical chart , that showed more accurate coastlines, distances, and landmarks. European explorers also learned from other cultures , such as the Arabs , the Chinese , and the Africans , who had more advanced knowledge and experience in sailing, trading, and geography.


The main events and achievements of the Age of Exploration were numerous and varied. Some of the most notable ones include:


  • The Portuguese exploration of the Atlantic coast of Africa , led by Prince Henry the Navigator , Bartolomeu Dias , Vasco da Gama , Pedro Álvares Cabral , and others, that opened new trade routes to India , Brazil , and other regions.



  • The Spanish voyages of Christopher Columbus , who reached several islands in the Caribbean Sea in 1492, believing he had found a western route to Asia.



  • The Spanish expedition of Ferdinand Magellan , who sailed across the Pacific Ocean in 1519-1522, becoming the first to circumnavigate the globe.



  • The Spanish conquests of Mexico , Peru , and other parts of Central and South America , led by Hernán Cortés , Francisco Pizarro , and others, that brought vast riches and territories to Spain.



  • The French exploration of North America , led by Jacques Cartier , Samuel de Champlain , René-Robert de La Salle , and others, that established colonies and fur trade networks in Canada and Louisiana.



  • The English exploration of North America , led by John Cabot , Sir Walter Raleigh , Henry Hudson , John Smith , and others, that established colonies along the Atlantic coast.



  • The Dutch exploration of Southeast Asia , led by Cornelis de Houtman , Jacob van Neck , Abel Tasman , Jan Pieterszoon Coen , and others, that established trade posts and colonies in Indonesia , Malaysia , Sri Lanka , India , South Africa , Australia , New Zealand , Taiwan .



Topic 5: The Ottoman Empire




The Ottoman Empire was a Muslim state that spanned much of the Middle East, North Africa, and Eastern Europe from the 13th to the early 20th century. It was founded by a Turkish tribe leader named Osman I, who expanded his domain through conquests and alliances. The Ottoman Empire reached its peak of power and influence under Suleiman the Magnificent in the 16th century, when it controlled most of the lands around the Mediterranean Sea.


The Ottoman Empire was known for its religious tolerance, cultural diversity, artistic achievements, and administrative efficiency. It was also a major force in world politics and history, as it interacted with other empires and civilizations, such as the Byzantine Empire, the Mongol Empire, the Safavid Empire, the Mamluk Sultanate, the Habsburg Empire, the Russian Empire, and the British Empire. The Ottoman Empire also played a significant role in the spread of Islam and Islamic culture to various regions.


The Ottoman Empire faced many challenges and changes in its long history. It had to deal with internal strife, such as rebellions, succession crises, corruption, and decentralization. It also had to cope with external threats, such as wars, invasions, revolutions, and nationalist movements. Some of the major events that affected the Ottoman Empire include:


  • The capture of Constantinople in 1453 , which ended the Byzantine Empire and established Istanbul as the new capital of the Ottoman Empire.



  • The expansion of the empire into Europe , Asia , and Africa , which brought new territories, peoples, cultures, and resources under Ottoman rule.



  • The rise and fall of the devşirme system , which recruited Christian boys from the Balkans and trained them as elite soldiers and administrators for the empire.



  • The emergence of the janissaries , who were originally devşirme soldiers but later became a powerful political and military force that often challenged the authority of the sultans.



  • The reforms of Selim III and Mahmud II , who tried to modernize the empire by adopting Western models of administration, education, military, and technology.



  • The Tanzimat era , which lasted from 1839 to 1876 and introduced a series of reforms that aimed to improve the rights and conditions of non-Muslim subjects, promote equality and justice, and strengthen the central government.



  • The Young Turk Revolution of 1908 , which overthrew Sultan Abdulhamid II and restored constitutional monarchy and parliament.



  • The Balkan Wars of 1912-1913 , which resulted in the loss of most of the Ottoman territories in Europe.



  • World War I , which saw the Ottoman Empire join the Central Powers against the Allies. The war brought devastation and defeat to the empire, as well as genocide against its Armenian population.



  • The Turkish War of Independence , which lasted from 1919 to 1923 and was led by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk against the occupying forces of Britain, France, Greece, and Armenia. The war ended with the establishment of the Republic of Turkey as a successor state to the Ottoman Empire.



Conclusion




The World History Express Workbook Answer 2a is a valuable resource for students who want to learn more about the history of the world from the 7th to the 17th century. It covers five topics that are essential for understanding the major events, developments, and changes that shaped the world during this period. It also provides the answers and explanations for all the exercises and questions in the World History Express Workbook 2a, as well as additional information, examples, illustrations, and sources that enhance the learning experience. By using this workbook answer, students can improve their knowledge and skills in world history and prepare for their exams. b99f773239


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